WHAT IS DYSLEXIA??
Dyslexia is a reading processing disorder that can hinder reading, writing, spelling and sometimes even speaking. Dyslexia is not a sign of poor intelligence or laziness. It is also not the result of impaired vision. Children and adults with dyslexia simply have a neurological disorder that causes their brains to process and interpret information differently.
• Dyslexia is often characterized by difficulties with accurate word recognition, decoding and spelling.
• Dyslexia may cause problems with reading comprehension and slow down vocabulary growth.
• Dyslexia may result in poor reading fluency and reading out loud.
• Dyslexia is neurological and often genetic.
• Dyslexia is not the result of poor instruction.
• With the proper support, using alternate learning methods, almost all people with dyslexia can become good readers and writers.
Dyslexia occurs among people of all economic and ethnic backgrounds. Often more than one member of a family has dyslexiaMuch of what happens in a classroom is based on reading and writing. So it’s important to identify dyslexia as early as possible.
WHAT ARE THE WARNING SIGNS OF DYSLEXIA?
The following are common signs of dyslexia in people of different ages. If you or someone you know displays these signs, it doesn’t necessarily mean you have a learning disability. But if troubles continue over time, consider testing for dyslexia.
DYSLEXIA: WARNING SIGNS BY AGE
HOW IS DYSLEXIA IDENTIFIED?
Trained professionals can identify dyslexia using a formal evaluation. This looks at a person’s ability to understand and use spoken and written language. It looks at areas of strength and weakness in the skills that are needed for reading. It also takes into account many other factors. These include family history, intellect, educational background, and social environment.
HOW IS DYSLEXIA TREATED?
It helps to identify dyslexia as early in life as possible. Adults with unidentified dyslexia often work in jobs below their intellectual capacity. But with help from a tutor, teacher, or other trained professional, almost all people with dyslexia can become good readers and writers. Use the following strategies to help to make progress with dyslexia.
• Expose your child to early oral reading, writing, drawing, and practice to encourage development of print knowledge, basic letter formation, recognition skills and linguistic awareness (the relationship between sound and meaning).
• Have your child practice reading different kinds of texts. This includes books, magazines, ads and comics.
• Include multi-sensory, structured language instruction. Practice using sight, sound and touch when introducing new ideas.
• Seek modifications in the classroom. This might include extra time to complete assignments, help with note taking, oral testing and other means of assessment.
• Use books on tape and assistive technology. Examples are screen readers and voice recognition computer software.
• Get help with the emotional issues that arise from struggling to overcome academic difficulties.
Reading and writing are key skills for daily living. However, it is important to also emphasize other aspects of learning and expression. Like all people, those with dyslexia enjoy activities that tap into their strengths and interests. For example, people with dyslexia may be attracted to fields that do not emphasize language skills. Examples are design, art, architecture, engineering and surgery.
SOURCE : NATIONAL CENTRE FOR LEARNING DISABILITIES
For more information on Dyslexia in Nigeria, please contact
C.A.D.E.T Academy, 10b Owena Close, Off Yedseram Street, Maitama Abuja, Nigeria
Phone: 0705 763 0825